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8 tips for preventing heart disease and stroke
8 tips for preventing heart disease and stroke

Heart disease and strokes are serious health concerns around the world, however, 80% of premature attacks are preventable. While risk factors like genetics and age cannot be controlled, it is possible to modify one’s lifestyle to reduce the likelihood of developing heart conditions. It is important to start developing these habits as early as possible to lead a longer and healthier life. Here are eight things one can do to prevent ailments of the heart:

Eat healthier
Adding foods like vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, nuts, plant-based proteins, lean proteins, and fish to one’s meals can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease. Further, limiting the intake of refined carbohydrates, refined meats, and processed foods can help maintain optimal heart health.

Exercise regularly
Adults must aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week or 75 minutes of high-intensity vigorous activity per week to stay healthy and prevent diseases.

Keep cholesterol in check
High levels of cholesterol can clog the arteries and increase the risk of coronary artery disease and heart attack. Lifestyle changes and treatment plans as advised by the doctor can help lower cholesterol levels and stay healthy.

Manage diabetes
Having diabetes doubles the risk of having diabetic heart disease because high blood sugar can damage blood vessels and nerves around the heart. It is important to get tested for diabetes and to keep it in check.

Get enough sleep
Not getting a healthy amount of sleep (7–9 hours for adults) also increases the risk for high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes, which can result in heart disease. One should consult their doctor in case they face issues with getting adequate sleep.

Manage stress
High blood pressure and stress have been linked to heart health. It is important to find ways to manage stress, which may include healthy coping mechanisms such as exercise, listening to music, meditation, and other relaxation techniques.

Understand the risk factors
Get information regarding any immediate relatives with a history of heart problems. In such cases, monitor the lifestyle risk factors such as inadequate nutrition, exercise, and others. It is also important to share this information with doctors, so they can devise the best treatment plan for every individual to reduce the chances of developing heart diseases.

Seek doctor’s help
Doctors can help one navigate the risks and incorporate changes into one’s routine to reduce the risks. For people with a history of heart disease, doctors may prescribe Brilinta (ticagrelor tablets) to prevent heart attack and stroke. It can also help decrease the risk of blood clots for people who have received treatment for acute coronary disease.


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